Different Types of Underfloor Heating Systems

Underfloor heating systems can be built using three different methods, forced air, electric radiant and wet. Which method is used depends on the design and nature of the building that the system will be installed in and the proprietors’ personal tastes, but in the whole the most common installations are electric radiant or wet.

Forced Air Underfloor Heating Systems

The oldest form of underfloor heating system is the forced air method and this can be traced back to the Roman times. The air is heated by a furnace and then forced through a network of pipes and ducts under the floor.

Systems of this nature carry a few problems:

  • Allergens are forced into the atmosphere
  • The system requires the burning of fossil fuel
  • Regular inspection and maintenance required

For these and other reasons, forced air heating systems are very rarely used nowadays as the two other methods provide much better benefits at a vastly reduced financial outlay.

Wet Underfloor System

Wet heating systems (also known as hydronic) use a continuous loop of pipes that are embedded into the floor and circulate a nonstop flow of hot water. This method can be employed to heat most wooden flooring and is a very popular method of underfloor heating due to its efficiency and comfort. A central heating boiler provides the systems hot water and although they can be installed anywhere in a building, wet underfloor systems are usually fitted on the ground floor when the building is being constructed or when major renovations are being carried out.

Electric Radiant Underfloor Systems

Electric radiant systems are essentially electric cables that are run underneath the floor and heated by the use of a thermostat. These underfloor systems are available in three different formats: electric heating mats, electric heating cables or floor warming systems. Electric radiant underfloor systems are extremely easy to install and the heat zones are even easier to create and regulate.

Hydronic & Electric Radiant System Advantages

Electric radiant and hydronic underfloor systems have both got some very advantageous characteristics for the home owner or corporate business. The hydronic system can be heated from a variety of sources and if, for instance, oil becomes too expensive the system can be switched to another heat source such as solar panelling very easily. The water remains warm for longer so is very economical to run compared to other room heating systems. The hydronic system is much quieter than the forced air method and does not emit dust or allergens into the air. It is ideal solution for heating an entire building or room as the piping required does not carry a high cost.

Electric underfloor heat systems allow for zonal heating and the ability to easily regulate the heating throughout the building. This will reduce energy consumption of up to 52% over other conventional central heating systems. An electric radiant underfloor heating system can be installed very easily and will utilise existing edifices and heating zones.

Underfloor Systems – Which One?

So, what is the best underfloor heat system to have installed? The answer to this question is both simple and complex. A major factor is the type of the building you intend installing the heating system into. The affordability of the project also counts heavily and whether the building is an established structure or a new build. But what matters over all else is the requirements and tastes of the customer.

What You Should Know About Types of Home Heating Systems

In order for us to stay comfortable and warm during the cold season, our homes need some form of heating system. There are several types that are available right now, from which you can take your pick. Do you know the kind that your home uses?

To help you out properly, here are some of the more common heating systems that are available today:

Forced Air– The forced air system is by far the most usual type of heating system in use today for both homes and buildings. As the name suggests the system works with heated air being forced to run through a distribution system that runs around the house.

The air that is forced through this system is heated in a centralized furnace that uses some form of fuel. The heating can be done by natural gas, electricity and other fuel types. This form has many advantage to it over the other types.

Radiant Heat- This is another common form of heating, but this type is mostly found in homes only. The idea is to transfer the heat directly from a heated material to the cold surface. There are several ways that this effect can be achieved.

The most ordinary type of radiant heating is in the use of hot water tubes which cab embedded beneath the floors of a room. The water is heated by the use of boilers and the water is distributed through a system of pipes.

Hydronic Heating- This is a lot similar to a radiant heat heating system. It also uses water heated by a boiler system which is then distributed around the house. Instead of the heat transferred from the floors however, the heat in this system is transferred from wall units.

There are many advantages of this heating system. One of those is the fact that it is very quiet,. Another major advantage is the fact that it can be precision controlled when it comes to the temperature.

Steam Radiators- This type of heating system was used a lot in the past, but is a lot less common now. It uses radiators where steam passes through in order to distribute heat. It also uses a boiler system in order for the water to be heated to become steam.

The problem with this system is that the radiators are not really a great to look at. Their presence in a room also limits the way that furniture can be placed around a room. These are the reasons why they are no longer as common now.

Boilers- Though not a particular type of heat distribution system, boilers are the most common way of generating heat that they deserved to be mentioned. Boilers use different fuels and they range from the old systems to new and high tech ones.

These are the heating systems that can be found in homes and in buildings. Which type is the one that you have at home now? It helps to become familiar with all of these types.

A Central Heating System Is Much More Efficient Than Localised Heating

The heating system is supported by gases that are burnt by the burners in your furnace and delivered to a heat exchanger, where the air is warmed. In a Central Heating System, the warm air is delivered to rooms and spaces in your house through a system of air ducts, the exception being a gravity floor furnace or pipeless furnace.

In warmer seasons, your heating system works together with the central air conditioning, as the same air ducts system is used, but this time, cooled air, where the temperature has been decreased by bringing it into contact with lower temperatures from the cooling unit’s coil is distributed throughout the building.

There are several advantages from the efficiencies and the different types of the Central Heating System

The primary heating appliance in the system is the furnace,which is normally located in your basement or garage. There a four main components of the furnace, that include the burner, that burns fuel, the heat exchangers, the blower, and the flue that controls emission of by products of combustion.

With a choice of systems that can be fueled by either natural gas,oil or a hybrid that can use both types, you should determine which system is most suitable to your situation, as there may be regional restrictions and regulations as to the type of fuel allowed. There may also be cost factors involved in the consideration.

  • A Warm water central heating system can heat your whole house! This is the same warm water that comes to the faucet or showers.
  • With radiators, the house can be warm very quickly, independent of external temperatures.
  • The systems are virtually silent.
  • Water is a better conductor than air and can transfer energy four times faster, making the warm water central heating system much more efficient than warm air systems.
  • Because there are no naked flames or combustion elements, the system is much safer for people with respiratory or allergy ailments because there no air flow is forced.
  • The Central Heating System is fully programmable and thermostats can independently control temperatures in designated areas.
  • General health and well being, especially of children and the elderly is maintained, and not adversely affected with central heating.

Because homes and buildings are constructed differently, you should be allowed to choose different heat sources and heat distribution systems to get the best performance and cost benefits.

Each solution should be fully customized,to fit specific heating requirements and provide optimum heating for your home.

Homeowners need help in choosing the right system for their homes. In many regions, the system must conform to specific regulations, and it is advisable to consult with professionals in order to make the right choice.