Central heating systems are easily the most cost-effective form of heating for any home. There is not much more convenience than heating your entire home from one unit, as opposed to having to individually heat each room. The installation costs of central heating systems, may be relatively higher, but the operating costs are much lower, as they are more reliable, last much longer and may also be much safer.
One of the main components of central heating is the water circulation system. Water is heated in the boiler system. And the generated heat is then transferred to the air vents and circulations system. The water can also be distributed to radiators that supply heat to individual areas. A separate system also distributes the water to outlets where it can be used. The radiators are placed in various locations around the home or building, and are fed with steam or hot water from the boiler that is powered by the combustion of heating oil or natural gas.
Central Heating Systems can sometimes be powered by a Forced Air Furnace, which can be powered by electricity oil or natural gas. The heated air is then blown through the ventilation system where it is distributed to various areas through the air duct network. This system involves no heating of water, but a direct heating of air before it is circulated to the rest of the home.
Governments at both the local and Federal levels are now providing subsidies for the implementation of solar panels that can be used as a supply source for central heating. The technology is relatively expensive, but the energy source is unlimited, cheap and easily renewable. The sunlight is easily converted to heat energy through the use of special solar panels and then distributed through the house via the air circulation system.
Organic material can be burned to produce heat in Biomass Systems. The organic material can be any combustible material such as chips wood, or paper. These systems can be connected to central heating systems but the architecture can become quite complex, and the installation costs may be relatively high. However, the added benefit of being Eco-friendly should not be overlooked, as it contributes to a much lower carbon footprint.
There are advantages and disadvantages to each of the systems. Combustion of fossil fuels may be an efficient energy source, but damage is done to the environment. Solar panels are a cheap source but still relatively inefficient as a complementary energy source and supply such as a boiler is still needed. Biomass systems can contribute to a better environment, but there are other important considerations such the availability of fuel, and the storage and handling of organic material.
It is absolutely essential that you seek professional advice before deciding on any heating system. A very thorough evaluation of your home or building is first required, as well as very careful consideration for the operating costs, maintenance and servicing of your heating system. You should also spend some time in determining the viability of any new technology as it applies to your particular circumstances